Fez Morocco History
The incredible city of Fez, Morocco, has so much going for it, and the best is in the historic centre. Do good and hope you enjoy it, the largest intact medieval city in the world is located in the heart of one of the most beautiful cities in North Africa, with over 1,000 years of history.
About two centuries later, the Marindian sultanate, also descended from the Berber tribes, overthrew the Almohad caliphate and controlled Morocco, moving its center to Fez and from there taking control of all of Morocco. It was grouped under the rule of the descendants of Ali, who still rules Morocco today. Arabic-Andalusian palaces from the 19th century, ideally located on the summit of Fez and Medina, are the finest examples of medieval architecture in the world, with the best views of the city and its surroundings.
The Merenid built a series of palaces in the old medina, reflecting the wealth and confidence of their rule. In 1927, Fez was not the capital, but Rabat, and it quickly became known as Fez el-Bali, unlike its old town. The word "Fez" is named after the capital of Morocco, Faas, while "Medina" means "Medina" in Arabic.
In 1912, Fez was the capital of Morocco and retained it until its transfer to Rabat in 1912. Although political power may have passed to Rabat, it is still perceived as the cultural and spiritual centre of the country.
Fez is the capital of the region of Fez - Boulemane and is located in the north - east of Morocco, about 30 km north of Rabat. Fez is one of two major cities in Marrakech, also known as Meknes and Rabats, and it houses the National Museum of Moroccan History and the Moroccan Imperial Museum. As a living monument and open-air museum, it was the first of its kind in Morocco to focus on and preserve the true essence of Moroccan history.
For this reason, Fez has always been a bustling commercial hub, and visitors strolling through the ancient medina will discover an authentic Moroccan shopping experience that has not changed over the centuries. It has one of the largest shopping centers in the world with more than 1,000 shops, but it should also be remembered that the number of restaurants, cafes, hotels and restaurants has increased significantly.
If there is only one building to visit in Fez (not to say too nice), it should be the Medersa Bou Inania. One of the first things you will see when you walk through the ancient medina into the city centre is the old town hall, the oldest and most important building in the whole city.
Not far away is the tomb of Idris I, founder of Fez, who brought Islam into the heart of Morocco, and not far away is the tomb of Idris I, whose wife and children are buried in Idris.
Fez has two main cities, Fez el bali (the old one), which was built at the end of the eighth century, and Fez el Djedid, the new one, which was built in the 14th century. The traces of Judaism can be seen in the colonial town of Nouvelle in the southwest, as well as in the medieval town of Fiz (el - Bali) and the adjacent "Fesel" from the 13th century (Djeid). In the northeast is the ancient city of Toubkal, home to a large number of Jews from the Middle East and Europe.
The old town is separated from the palace area in the modern French part by the tributary of the Wadi Fes into the Sebou River. Fes is located at the confluence of two rivers, the Suez Canal and the Toubkal River, and is also spelled "Fes" (also Arabic for Fas). It borders on the north with Wadid (the southern part of the city) and on the south with Fiz, Fisel and Djedid.
Moroccans tend to believe that anyone born in the medina of Fez is more refined than those born elsewhere, and that he or she is born within the medina. Most of the Medinses in Morocco have an area known as Mellah (Historical Jewish Quarter), and FeZ is no exception.
The city walls erected at that time still form the outline of Fez el Bali, and the city itself is the only source of Fez hats in the world that has worked so well that it developed into one of the largest cities in the world well before the 19th century (1170 - 1180). Living in FeZ means being tormented by the medina and the hotels around it. Although its development and growth seem almost organic, Fe Z el Jedid (New Fez) was a planned city built by the Merenid, the ruler of Morocco, from the 12th century until his death in 1184.
The early urban planning model of Marrakech was inspired by Fez Jedid, the new city, and many other cities in the Middle East and North Africa.